Effects of Wearing Cotton Towel Ihram on Respiratory Symptoms, Lung Function, Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Upper Airways


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13-MED1349-02

Effects of Wearing Cotton Towel Ihram on Respiratory Symptoms, Lung Function, Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Upper Airways

Medical And Health

Environmental Health

Every year approximately 2.5 million Hajj pilgrims from various corners of the globe are performing Hajj at Makkah, Saudi Arabia during the period 8-12th Dhu-al-Hajj (Islamic month date). Wearing Ihram is basic and an essential component of Hajj. Most of the pilgrims put on cotton towel ihram, it contains large number of fibers, which grasps dust particles, the fibers and dust released into environment, become a cause of air pollution. Exposure to airborne cotton fibers represents major factor promoting allergic sensitization, respiratory disease appearance and adverse effects on the human health. Respiratory symptoms including cough, sneezing, runny nose, sore throat and allergic complaints are common clinical manifestations faced by hajj pilgrims. The aim of this study is to determine the respiratory symptoms, lung function, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and upper airways inflammatory markers in Hajj pilgrims who would wear cotton towel ihram [ihram with fibers] compared to those who would wear plain cotton ihram [ihram without fibers].

This study is carried out to i) determine the effects of wearing cotton towel ihram [ihram with fibres] on respiratory symptoms, lung function, fractional exhaled nitric oxide and upper airways inflammatory markers in Hajj pilgrims compared to those who are wearing plain cotton cloth ihram [ihram without fibres] ii) to determine the severity of respiratory symptoms, lung function impairment, fractional exhaled nitric oxide and upper airways inflammatory markers iii) To provide information to Ministry of Haj, Ministry of Health and community regarding the impact of cotton towel on respiratory symptoms, lung function, fractional exhaled nitric oxide and upper airways inflammatory markers in Haj pilgrimages.

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